Silicon Wafers Quality And Cost Considerations}

Submitted by: Addison Eng

Silicon is a component that is bottomless in nature, is non-metallic and light black, and has a remarkable trademark that has helped change the world we live in. This trademark is silicon’s capacity to direct power. Having the capacity to direct an electrical charge has made it the ideal material for the semiconductor business. Without this component, it is unrealistic we would have seen the upheaval in computerized silicon wafer supplies and correspondence frameworks that has occurred throughout the most recent decade. Silicon wafers must hold fast to stringent determinations subordinate upon the undertaking they are going to perform.

It ought to be comprehended that there are various distinctive mechanical particulars for the wafers sold today, take for instance: width, thickness, and the variety of the thickness. For a wafer to capacity accurately, it ought to be of an uniform detail, with no space for deviation or mistake. Other critical variables incorporate the levelness, edge, and bow, all of which ought to additionally be uniform. Every wafer needs to be totally smooth and without any markings brought about amid the assembling process and meagre film testimony. Verify you purchase from a maker which creates just quality silicon wafers that hold fast to these particulars.

On the off chance that you are included with a business( that purchases wafers for the semiconductor equipment market, there are various vital contemplations that ought to dependably be at the bleeding edge of your psyche. The expense of the items and their natural quality are both significant variables. Likewise with most items, the cost of silicon does change relying on outside strengths, for example, the worldwide economy, accessibility of crude material, and also political choices. It is key that you acclimate yourself with the issues that effect expense to guarantee that your business buys these items at a value that returns expanded benefits.

It should be understood that there are a number of different mechanical specifications for the wafers sold today, take for example: diameter, thickness, and the variation of the thickness. For a wafer to function correctly, it should be of a uniform specification, with no room for deviation or error. Other important factors include the flatness, edge, and bow, all of which should also be uniform. Each wafer needs to be completely smooth and devoid of any markings caused during the manufacturing process and thin film deposition. Make sure you buy from a manufacturer which produces only quality silicon wafers that adhere to these specifications.

YouTube Preview Image


The last offering point for SOI is that it offers an answer for makes unrivaled items. The protecting BOX layer diminishes electrical current spillage, which thusly decreases superfluous force utilization and gives the transistor better execution. It additionally lessens hotness, taking into account these MEMS gadgets to be utilized as a part of higher-temperature situations with no evil impacts.

The protecting layer additionally shuts out sign commotion which not just permits the transistors’ exchanging velocities to increment, additionally brings about a more exact item.

As should be obvious, SOI wafers are propelling MEMS producing in a huge manner. Numerous building organizations and additionally Universities use SOI wafers for exploration, improvement and testing. Executing SOI arrangements in the assembling of silicon wafers considers littler, better performing gadgets with a more various scope of employments at a superior expense for both the maker and buyer. Along these lines, SOI wafers are affecting MEMS creation in a positive and energizing way, while opening potential outcomes in new applications.

About the Author: A leading supplier of silicon wafers, wafer processing, semiconductor Equipment, Ceramic Packages, Wafer fabrication and chip carriers Assembly,multilayer packages, ceramic packages, cerdip. –


Permanent Link:

Filled under Stainless Steel. No Comments.

2,000 face redundancy at English steelworks

2,000 face redundancy at English steelworks

Saturday, May 9, 2009

Corus Group, the world’s fifth largest steel producer, announced on Friday that it may be forced to mothball its steelworks in Redcar, England. This move would threaten the jobs of the works’ 1,920 employees.

Corus may be forced to close its Teesside operations as a consortium has refused to honour a 10-year contract with Corus’ Teesside Cast Products, which accounted for 78% of the plant’s operations. Corus’ chief executive, Kirby Adams, said he was “extremely disappointed that the consortium members have seen fit to take this irresponsible action.”

Lord Mandelson, Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, said “it is essential that Corus does everything it can legally, and with the government’s assistance, to reinstate the agreement”. Gordon Brown, the British Prime Minister, shared this view saying, “We are doing everything in our power to ensure that the contract is upheld.” Mandelson also said “we are not prepared to reconcile ourselves to the inevitable closure of this plant”.

The leader of Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council, Councillor George Dunning, said “Today is like being hit by a mini earthquake compared to what’s happened in the past.”

Martin Callanan and Stephen Hughes, Tory, and Labour MEPs for North East England, supported the idea that the government should subsidise wages in the plant on a temporary basis. Hughes and Fiona Hall, Lib Dem MEP, suggested that the government should apply to the EU’s Globalisation Adjustment Fund. Hall said “if the worst comes to the worst and jobs are indeed lost, I trust the Government will change its mind and support an application to the European Globalisation Fund in order to fund skills training for those who have lost their jobs.”

This move could “bring to an end a fine heritage of steelmaking at Teesside”, according to Adams. Steelworks in Teesside, which previously belonged to British Steel and Dorman Long, produced steel for famous structures like the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

Corus had said it was likely there would be a “very significant number of redundancies” and a 90-day consultation period is due to begin.

Corus’ owner, Tata Steel, are also facing difficulties with another UK operation, automobile company Jaguar Land Rover.

Filled under Uncategorized. No Comments.

China overtakes U.S. as world’s largest consumer

China overtakes U.S. as world’s largest consumer

Thursday, February 17, 2005 China is now the world’s largest consumer of resources, passing the United States.

China’s consumption exceeds the U.S.’s in grain and meat, coal, and steel, with the U.S. only still using more oil a year.

China uses more wheat and rice than the U.S. every year, with the U.S. only taking more corn. In total, China consumed 382 million tons of grain in 2004 while the U.S. used 278 million tons.

The world’s most populous country also eats more meat, consuming 64 million tons a year compared to the U.S.’s 38 million, despite the average Chinese person eating 49 kg a year (the U.S. average is 127 kg).

However the U.S. still uses three times as much oil, consuming 20.4 million barrels a day in 2004 while China uses only 6.5 million. But China’s oil consumption doubled between 1994 and 2004, while the U.S.’s only increased by 15%. Japan is the world’s third largest oil consumer. Car sales doubled in China over the last two years.

China is rapidly heading to being the largest producer of carbon dioxide, the gas responsible for the greenhouse effect. Two-thirds of China’s electricity is generated by burning coal, using 800 million tons a year.

China has a population of 1.3 billion people and its increases in consumption are being driven by a booming economy. However, the country only had an average per-capita income of $5,300 in 2004, one-seventh of the U.S.’s $38,000. The U.S., with its population of around 295 million being about four times less than China’s, still consumes considerably more per person than does China, despite the differences in raw values.

The country now imports large amounts grain, soybeans, iron ore, aluminum, copper, platinum, phosphates, potash, oil and natural gas, forest products for lumber and paper, and cotton. In order to feed its demand for raw materials, the country has formed economic relationships for long term imports from major exporters such as Russia, Brazil and Australia.

The country is also growing rapidly in economic strength; along with Japan, it buys most of the U.S. Treasury’s securities that allows the US to run its huge financial deficit.

Filled under Uncategorized. No Comments.

Foxconn under pressure after tenth employee suicide this year

Foxconn under pressure after tenth employee suicide this year

Published on September 19th, 2016.

Friday, May 28, 2010

Taiwan electronics giant Foxconn has moved to repair its reputation after the suicide of a tenth employee this year, two others having survived attempted suicides.

The latest death came on the same day as Terry Gou, Chairman of Foxconn’s parent Hon Hai Precision, opened the Shenzen production facility to the media for the first time. In the face of accusations that he ran a modern day sweatshop, he showed off employee recreation facilities. Gou, bowing as an expression of regret, promised to work to prevent such tragedies occurring again.

Although not a household name, Foxconn is the largest producer of electronics components and badge engineered electronics products in the world, manufacturing products for companies like Apple, Hewlett-Packard, Intel and Dell.

Investigations of working conditions are underway. “Apple is deeply committed to ensuring that conditions throughout our supply chain are safe and workers are treated with respect and dignity,” said Steve Dowling, an Apple spokesperson. Allen Pu of Fubon Securities said: “Hon Hai needs to resolve the issue because the situation is also negative for Apple and HP. Clients may reallocate some orders to other manufacturers.”

Labor activists have criticised conditions at Foxconn’s factories as “military-style”, with workers working long shifts and not being able to speak to each other. However, Foxconn claims that the suicides were mostly the result of relationship problems unrelated to its own management style, and it argues that for a work force so large the number of suicides is small.

Filled under Uncategorized. No Comments.

Amazing Girls Wall Murals

Published on September 17th, 2016.

By Aurelia

Wall murals can turn the plain old wall space of your child’s room into beautiful portals and windows looking out over whole new worlds. And for little girls, wall mural options and ideas are only limited by the imagination. From princess themes to undersea dreams – from fairies to mermaids to horse-drawn carriages and castles in the sky – your little girl will fall in love with the endless selection of wall murals available to help create her dream bedroom!

Girls wall murals come in all shapes, sizes and colors. Vinyl wall decals for girls are sold in easy peel-and-stick applications, from the smallest single butterfly to the largest majestic unicorn. These vinyl wall murals go on and come off with no glue or adhesive, and can be moved and repositioned at will. Instant transformations can be made in the way of custom-printed Minute Mural wall hangings. Created on quality professional-grade materials, these kits come complete, ready to install, and assemble in just minutes. For the do-it-yourself touch, girls wall murals, stickers, and decals can be applied to bare or painted walls – perfect for the little princess that wants to create her own customized designs. Great shops like the Wall Sticker Outlet carry all of these wall mural types and more, and always offer free shipping too!

Choosing a girls wall mural theme can often prove difficult, as they’re available in every imaginable motif. Princess themed options include castles, white horses, and knights in shining armor. Disney princess stickers and wall borders are available along the same lines. Girls wall murals come in popular themes like Hello Kitty, Barbie, Tinkerbell, and even Bratz decals and stickers. Animal wall murals are also popular, from baby nursery level stuffed animal themes to fun safari and zoo animal appliques that bring the jungle right into your little girl’s bedroom.

YouTube Preview Image

Chic and stylish boutique-type wall murals are sold for older girls, including rock star and girl power stickers designed to make distinct fashion statements. Life-sized beach themes can be created by using giant wall murals depicting scenes of sun and surf. Tropical wall mural windows and surfboard themed accents can create the perfect surfer girl look. For a more dramatic look, turn an entire wall into a breathtaking undersea wall scene complete with fish, whales, and mermaids. Fantasy themes also include enchanted kingdoms, unicorn decals, and customizable girls wall murals that begin with ‘Once Upon a Time’ and end with your daughter’s own name, custom phrase or saying.

Another recent development in wall decor is the application of chalkboard and dry erase surfaces. These peel and stick decals can be placed right into any girls wall mural, letting your child write her own story! Wallies flower fairies dry erase and chalkboard stickers make perfect additions to any girl’s wall decor, and come off just as easily as they go on.

The finishing touches to any wall mural include all the extra trimmings that will make your daughter’s room so special. Individual wall appliques and decal sheets can be used to supplement any little girls wall murals. Flowers, butterflies, and magical wands come in pinks, purples, and beautiful rainbow colors. There are even wall mural decals that turn your daughter’s whole ceiling into a cloud-filled sky, as well as celestial glow-in-the-dark appliques of stars, moons and planets that can be enjoyed even when the lights go off!

No matter how you complete your little girls wall mural, the best part is getting her involved. Together the two of you can create a functional work of wall art she’ll enjoy and remember for years to come, all the while having fun in the process.

About the Author: Be sure to visit the

Wall Sticker Outlet

for great girls wall murals and stickers by Wallies, Wallcandy, Roommates, and others! And for more little girl’s decor, check out the

baby boutique

at The Frog and the Princess!


Permanent Link:

Filled under Kitchen Home Improvement. No Comments.

Woman arrested after caught living in man’s closet

Woman arrested after caught living in man’s closet

Published on September 17th, 2016.

Saturday, May 31, 2008

In the town of Kasuya, Fukuoka, Japan, a 58-year-old woman was arrested after surveillance tape from inside an unnamed man’s home showed her living in his closet.

According to police, Tatsuko Horikawa had been living in his closet for over one year. One day when the man left, she walked through his front door which had been left unlocked. From then on, she would take small amounts of food from the kitchen and even take showers. When the man noticed food missing, he set up cameras to catch what he thought was someone robbing him.

The woman had placed a small bed mattress into a enclosed shelf area inside the closet to sleep on and when police searched the apartment, they found her curled up in the closet.

“We searched the house … checking everywhere someone could possibly hide. When we slid open the shelf closet, there she was, nervously curled up on her side,” said Hiroki Itakura, a police spokesman.

The woman, who was described by police as “neat and clean”, will be charged with trespassing.

Filled under Uncategorized. No Comments.

Habertürk media sparks outrage over woman’s murder photo in Turkey

Habertürk media sparks outrage over woman’s murder photo in Turkey

Published on September 16th, 2016.

Wednesday, October 12, 2011

A photo of a naked and bloodstained murdered woman was shown on the front page of Turkey’s Habertürk Daily print edition last Friday, causing a social and media uproar.

The article was titled “The last point of violence against women”, and whilst there are daily reports of abuse and ‘honour-killings’, Habertürk has been the first to show a photo so graphic and uncensored. The photograph clearly shows the woman’s identity and the kitchen knife used to kill her that was still planted in her back.

I would have used that image even if it was my own mother

Habertürk has been highly criticized by social media users, readers, celebrities, woman organizations, professional press organisations and even its own staff members, with some claiming violation of journalism ethics rules. Habertürk’s own staff columnist Balcicek Ilter said, “the photo of the violated woman on my newspaper’s front page is violence itself.” Habertürk reported her husband, 45, murdered the woman, 38, in Manisa. A mother of two children, they separated after he was abusive towards her, the paper said.

At a time where campaigns are targeting the issue of violence against Turkish women, Habertürk‘s editor-in-chief, Fatih Altayl?, believes this photo counters reduced sensitivity to violence amongst the public. “I would have used that image even if it was my own mother,” he said. Habertürk firmly believes they made the correct choice in publishing the photograph even when asked by woman’s advocacy groups to apologise. “We demand the resignation of the writer of this news and the person who approved it. We call for journalism in print and on TV that stands for the right perspective,” said Canan Güllü from the Turkish Federation of Women Associations (TKDF).

the photo of the violated woman on my newspaper’s front page is violence itself

The Press Council convened Sunday to find a solution to this matter and its Secretary General, Dr. Hasan Sinar states that Habertürk has “ignored the Press Council and the Professional Press Principles” since mid 2009.

While this article has caught a lot of negative attention, there are supporters of Habertürk’s choice in using the photo. Serpil Sancar, head of Ankara University’s Women’s Issues Center agrees stating, “This photograph illustrates the violence women have to face. I don’t think showing the truth is bad. Seeing blood sets the conscience in motion.”

Since talking with Brussels over European Union membership in 2005, Turkey pledged to strengthen human rights and the protection of women. Earlier this year Human Rights Watch reported “Turkey’s flawed family violence protection system leaves women and girls across the country unprotected against domestic abuse.” The rate of female murders has increased 1,400% since 2004.

The Council of Europe’s commissioner for human rights, Thomas Hammarberg, is scheduled to be in Turkey currently. A report by Hammarberg earlier this year noted improvements in press freedom, but nonetheless claimed “There is a need for immediate measures to defend these rights [freedom of expression and the media] and support an environment of tolerance to accommodate opposing views.”

Filled under Uncategorized. No Comments.

Impressing Immigration Through Leather Passport Holders

Published on September 13th, 2016.

Submitted by: Bradlley Mckoy

When you travel out of the country, you always go through Immigration checkpoints. You present your papers and they either ask you questions, or they don’t. The fact is, no matter how you want to try to understand the standards of Immigration – especially when it comes to letting people in and out of a particular country -you can’t. For the most part, you can’t really have a vivid idea as to how these Immigration officers judge a person.

Still, you fall in line, give them your sweetest smile, present to them you passport and other pertinent documents, in the hope that the officer will let you through. There is, however, one thing that you can do in order to have a greater chance of crossing from one international border to another: using leather passport holders. Let’s explore this idea.

First, by using leather passport holders, you are showing the world that you have class and elegance. Leather is considered a luxury material – be it about a leather business card holder or a leather fanny pack. So, if you use leather passport holders, you are indeed telling your Immigration Officer that you mean business and that goes without saying that you have the necessary papers with you.

YouTube Preview Image

Second, as using leather passport holders spells elegance, it further demonstrates that you have the money. Whether you like it or not, getting to another country has a lot to do with money. Ever heard of “show money?” Well, it means that you cannot get into another country if you don’t have enough assets in your home country. This will ensure that you will indeed go back to your home country.

Third, by using leather passport wallets, you are showing that you always take care of your things, especially the most important documents. Because you are using an expensive material just to store and/or cover your passport with, you are showing the Immigration Officers that you hold your passport dear. You do not use the plastic covers that are usually given to you for free by your travel agency. Worse, you are not leaving your passport unprotected and unattended by having nothing to cover it.

Lastly, the use of leather passport wallets is one way of preparing yourself for an international life. Whether you are going to another country for a vacation or to stay there for good, the way that you take care of your passport shows that you are ready to be in the international arena. After all, once your passport shows that you’ve already been to a lot of countries, it will be easier for you to get through any immigration checkpoint.

Indeed, going out of the country is not a simple task. You have a lot of things to prepare. Of course, you would need ample cash just in case. Still, it is wonderful to have a peek at the other parts of the world. And if you are presented with this chance, don’t spoil it by haphazardly handling your passport – instead, use leather passport holders.

About the Author: Leather goods such as a

leather fanny pack

and a

leather business card holder

are available at Visit their site now to find great deals on

leather passport holders

as well!


Permanent Link:

Filled under Migration Expert. No Comments.

Our Own Homes Are The Mother Of All Tax Shelters

Published on September 13th, 2016.

By Carl Hampton

When it comes to tax shelters, there’s no better or safer place than our own homes. There are a vast number of companies out there spending a lot of money on advertising trying to convince us that we should be sending our hard earned dollars to some island in the sun, where (for a nice fat fee of course) they will keep our money safe and out of the hands of the IRS. Most of these programs, for lack of a better word, are illegal or at the very best not as tax efficient as the claims they make.

Uncle Sam allows us to use our homes as a means of collecting a large number of tax deductions, credits and benefits. These were designed and assigned to law to help us offset the cost of owning our own homes. After all, homeowners are the cornerstone of any good economy. We buy consumable goods and services which creates jobs and supplies much needed dollars in both local and state taxes. These taxable deductions also keep the housing market fueled with new buyers which in turn helps keep the value of our homes going up. It really is only a matter of very simple math. As the demand for more and more homes increase, the supply gets smaller, (they don’t make land anymore) – then the market price can only go one way, up. This creates real wealth for future generations of our families. For most of us, that is the ‘Great American Dream’ – owning our own homes and creating real wealth for our retirement.

Our interest payments make up the largest portion of the mortgage payments in the early years of the loan. The interest we pay on our Home Loan, up to a maximum of $1 million in mortgage debt that’s secured by a first and second home is tax deductible. These deductions will reduce our taxable income when calculated against our taxes due at the end of the year. The rules on these deductions are not too complicated once you know where to look. The $1 million level applies to joint tax filers. If you file single or separately you receive half the deductions allowed.

YouTube Preview Image

The interest we pay on a home improvement loan is also deductible against our end of year taxes, but calculated a little differently. We can deduct all the interest on a home improvement loan so long as the work is classed as ‘capital improvement’. Repairs, maintenance or cosmetic upgrades do not count and are not tax deductible. Capital improvements increase the home’s value. Adding a new room, a bathroom, anything that prolongs its life such as a new roof or adapting the home for new uses to assist older people or people with disabilities would be included for this purpose.

The Taxpayers Relief Act of 1997 which covers the exclusions on Capital Gains allows married couples who file jointly to keep up to $500,000 tax free profits on the sale of a home used as a principal residence for at least two of the prior five years. This amount is halved for those who are filing single or separately. Our taxable capital gains are reduced by the amount of our selling costs. These include real estate commissions, title insurance, legal fees, advertising, and inspection fees. Capital Gains are calculated on the following basis: the original purchase price, plus the cost of capital improvements, minus any depreciation and the selling cost.

With more and more people creating ‘Home Based Businesses’ there are tax deductions available. If you use a portion of your home exclusively for business you could qualify to deduct a percentage of costs related to that portion. You can Include a percentage of your insurance, repair costs, utility bills and depreciation.

It would appear that the ‘Grass is not always greener somewhere else’ and sometimes the solution to our problem is right there, on our own doorstep.

Have an opinion or a question you would like me to answer, then write me!

About the Author: Carl Hampton is the best selling Author of ‘From Credit Despair To Credit Millionaire’


Permanent Link:

Filled under Trucks. No Comments.

Dry In Style Modern Washing Lines For Funky Houses

Published on September 11th, 2016.

More On This Topic:

Submitted by: Massive Housewares

How can washing lines be anything except dull? When they re specifically designed for modern living, is how. These days a person can get devices designed to dry his or her washing in the most economical of fashions, or the smallest of spaces not to mention traditional type clothes drying kit that brightens up the garden in hundreds of funky little ways.

How about, for example, a colourful cover that brings a little freshness to one s outside spaces? With our modern world so dominated by greys and browns, a bright green cover for one s washing lines instantly makes the garden feel a little more natural . Don t forget that the washing line is obviously unnatural, when in use, constructed mainly of steel and wire: with good coloured covers, the unused washing line is effectively hidden, camouflaged so that the greens and bright colours of the garden can reassert themselves.

YouTube Preview Image

There are plenty of practicalities hidden in the bright material of a modern washing line cover, too. Unattended and unloaded, washing lines have a habit of spinning in sudden gusts of wind or getting caught on tree branches. Next thing anyone knows horrible wires all over the garden and something that looks like a vast metal crane fly collapsed on the lawn. A simple coloured cover and all of that is a thing of the past. Good washing line covers, like the widely used Brabantia Liftomatic (sold on the great Massive Housewares web site, among others) are easy to put on and take off, weather resistant and fully protective. It s not all about fun funky colours washing lines get a lot of flak from the outdoor environment, which rots their cords and fills their oiled parts with dirt and gunge. A decent cover protects against rust, particulate obstructions to moving pieces, and deterioration in the line fibre itself: ensuring a long and useful life for the thing.

The washing lines themselves can be pretty cool, too. Not every washing line is the old spinning top model we ve described above no, these days a person can get washing lines designed to fit with pretty much every kind of lifestyle and home.

There s no use having a spinning garden washing line in a top floor flat, for example: and that s where the dedicated indoor washing line comes into the picture. The indoor washing line allows users who perhaps either don t have access to an outside space, or just have a very small garden, to use indoor drying as a viable alternative. Other space saving efforts on the part of the washing line manufacturers include wall mounted washing lines, which work in exactly the same was as standard outdoor ones except the don t spin and their lines are mounted on a wall bracket rather than a pole.

Like most things these days, there s a washing line for every lifestyle and a size of that washing line to fit every conceivable living arrangement. Good news for anyone who s fed up with taking their laundry to a pay drier. No matter what they look like, or where they are intended to go, washing lines offer a drying quality and speed unmatched by even the best tumble drier.

About the Author: Exclusive collections of innovative Washing Lines are available at Massive Housewares, one of the leading suppliers of cookware UK. For more information please visit:


Permanent Link:

Filled under Balustrades. No Comments.

« Older Entries